The Lady of the Sea and the Honor Frost Foundation
|Figure 1. University of Cyprus. Campus (Photo by Mari Yamasaki).|
The Maritime Cultural Landscape
- Archaeo-geomorphological approaches, focused on the reconstruction of the ancient coastlines;
- Ethnoarchaeological approaches, interested in individuating the cultural variables of coastalness through comparison with ethnographical contexts.
Figure 2. The author during her talk (Photo by Francesca Meneghetti).
Connected by the Sea
Tightly related to the study of ports is that of ancient ships and their construction. A number of projects were presented, among which I would like to mention here the excavation of a Byzantine merchantman that sunk in the Commercial Port of Rhodes around the second half of 12th century. As Eric Rieth and George Koutsouflakis said, the difficulties in this case lay mostly on the location of the wreck in the channel of a busy port of the Mediterranean. Whilst at a relatively accessible depth, the continuous traffic of large cruise ships represented a hazard both for the remains and for the excavation crew. The controversial decision of re-burying the ship was not unanimously positively judged by the conference audience and was subjected to some criticism. This shows, however, how it is not always possible to reconcile heritage management practices, scientific interest and contemporary economic demands, and that archaeologists who find themselves in such predicaments have often to reinvent the rules and accept difficult compromises. Less dramatic but just as interesting was the account by Avner Hillman and Deborah Cvikel of the exerimental reconstruction of the Ma’agan Mikhael II by following as closely as possible all the evidences for ship building techniques.
The Kyrenia Liberty: sailing back in time
[i] Karageorghis et al. (Eds.). Proceedings of the International Symposium Cyprus and the Sea. 1995.