- The depiction of intellectual interactions was immersed in the social context of the writers and influenced by their prejudices and political aims.
- Possession of knowledge had particular social and political uses. Some of them were shared by Arabs and Byzantines, which facilitated intellectual exchange; likewise there were differences that led to misunderstandings.
- The existence of a Mediterranean "court culture", due to the circulation of members amongst Byzantine, Abbasid, Andalusian and Western elites, shaped the Arabo-Roman intellectual contacts.
- The scientific rivalry enacted during diplomatic encounters was a tool of internal and external Propaganda.
The main sources that he analyses in his doctoral project are episodes contained in written sources dating from 8th to the 13th A.D. century, like Al-Mamun's dream, gifts to al-Mansur, horoscopes, invitation of Leo the Mathematician to Baghdad, and others. In addition, writings from translators like Simeon Seth are taken into account.
- Arabo-Islamic sources: the "Roman" and/or "Greek" origin of science is sometimes positive and sometimes negative.
- This simultaneous expression of opposite views is a result of different social attitudes and of the implication of various social milieu.
- The Byzantine sources comment on the legitimacy of sharing ancient "Roman" knowledge with the infidel foreigners
- Byzantine sources: almost no comments on the "exoticism" of translated and imported science.